September Cattle Market Update

– Derrell S. Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension

Feeder cattle prices in Oklahoma are currently about 10 percent higher than this time last year. Calf and feeder prices peaked in June, a later than usual seasonal peak for the calves and earlier than typical for the heavy feeders. Calf prices will likely decline a bit more to a seasonal low in October but are expected to remain higher year over year through the fourth quarter. Strong stocker demand for fall and winter grazing may limit Continue reading

Summer Doldrums Continue As Expected

– Stephen R. Koontz, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics – Colorado State University

It looks likely that the cattle and beef markets will show typical seasonal weakness through much of the fall. There is some good news but much of what we observe have the potential to hold prices down. The Cattle on Feed report – as Katelyn reported – was rather bullish. Placements and on-feed numbers were surprisingly low relative to expectations and futures prices rallied the following trading day. But the underlying fundamentals that this report has revealed all spring and most of the summer clearly suggests Continue reading

Year Round Grazing Project at Farm Science Review

Tim McDermott, OSU Extension Educator, Hocking County

A new demonstration area has been created at the Gwynne Conservation Area for Farm Science Review that exhibits forage species adapted for year around grazing.

Spring oats planted at the Gwynne Conservation Area of FSR in early August

This summer a 1.1 acre plot that had been planted previously in warm season bunch grasses was converted into a series of different forage varieties designed to help teach management intensive grazing principles so that producers can get closer to a year round grazing program. The acreage was divided into four roughly quarter acre plots and planted with Continue reading

Grazing Bites: Another Look at Tall Fescue

– Victor Shelton, NRCS State Agronomist/Grazing Specialist

I sometimes get in a hurry when I sit down to write. That sometimes causes me to have a bit of tunnel vision and I don’t get in enough detail due to lack of time or space in the article. That happened in August and I heard about it, and I still have some tire tracts from a couple buses. I guess I should have said more.

A lowly under-utilized endophyte infected fescue plant stands alone and untouched with more palatable overgrazed forages available around it.

I may have been a little hard on tall fescue last month, but Kentucky 31 endophyte infected tall fescue does have issues. Much of the tall fescue in Indiana is infected with the endophyte, a fungus that produces a toxic substance known as ergovaline. The endophyte and ergovaline are responsible for reduced palatability of tall fescue especially when it is under stress. Fescue toxicosis is responsible for elevated body temperatures, restricted blood flow to extremities and poor animal performance.

Most people think that Continue reading

PRF: A “Crop Insurance” Program from RMA for Forage Growers

Billy Fanning, Silveus Southeast

Hay and pasture producers, are you frustrated with the limited attributes of the NAP program?  Are you looking for something to better cover your risk with hay and pasture acres?  If so, you really need to look at the Pasture, Rangeland, Forage (PRF) program available from the Risk Management Agency (RMA).

PRF is a federally subsidized product offered through RMA to producers in all 48 lower states.  The PRF program is designed to provide insurance coverage on your pasture and/or forage acres.  This innovative program is based on a precipitation Rainfall Index.  PRF gives you the ability to Continue reading

Perennial Weed Control in Grass Hay and Pasture

– William S. Curran, Professor of Weed Science, Penn State University

At the recent Ag Progress Days in Pennsylvania one of the most common questions asked involved perennial weed control in grass hay and pasture. While we still have nice warm days, it is good time to scout pasture and hay fields for the presence of perennial weeds. As you hopefully have heard before, late summer and fall is the best time to control most perennials with a systemic herbicide because herbicides are moved into the root systems allowing more permanent control. With the autumn weather, these plants more actively transport carbohydrates and sugars to underground storage structures such as rhizomes, tubers, and roots to enable them to survive the winter and to provide the necessary energy to begin the next cycle of growth in the spring. Mowing the pasture and hay fields in mid-summer or several weeks before the herbicide application to prevent seed production and to promote healthy new leaf tissue that can intercept the herbicide is also important. In general, the application window runs from Continue reading

Eastern Ohio Beef School Series Begins October 3

Clif Little, OSU Extension Educator, Guernsey County

OSU Extension and the Eastern Agriculture Research Station has made plans for the 2017 Fall Beef School.  The dates for the school are Tuesday, October 3, 10, and 17, starting at 5:30 p.m. to 8 pm. The programs will be held at the OSU Eastern Agricultural Research Station in Belle Valley.  A meal will be provided with registration. The school has been designed to address practical issues facing beef producers.

The first night will cover Continue reading

Cattle on Feed, Drought and Floods

– Derrell S. Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension

The August USDA Cattle on Feed report shows an August 1 feedlot inventory of 10.604 million head, 104.3 percent of last year. This is the largest August feedlot inventory since 2012.  July marketings were 104.1 percent of one year ago and the largest since 2014.  Placements in July were up 2.7 percent year over year, the largest since 2013.  This report was close to Continue reading

The Benefits of Pregnancy Diagnosis

John F. Grimes, OSU Extension Beef Coordinator

We are entering an exciting time of the year for cow-calf producers.  They have started or soon will be weaning their spring-born calves.  Weaning is an excellent time to prepare the calf crop to become herd replacements or for future marketing opportunities by implementing health programs and transitioning to feed rations.  It is also a great time to determine the pregnancy status of the breeding herd.  Management practices for both these groups can go a long way to determine the ultimate profitability of herd.

The factor that should ultimately sort a female to the keep or cull pen is pregnancy status.  The three primary methods used Continue reading

Won’t Bicarb Keep My Cattle From Bloating?

Stan Smith, PA, OSU Extension, Fairfield County

Two weeks ago in this publication Dr. Francis Fluharty discussed concerns regarding acidosis and classic feedlot bloat in his article Did My Feed Grinder Cause My Cattle to Bloat? One of the many responses from readers came in the form of this simple question:

If feed grade sodium bicarbonate – or bicarb – is the overall standard rumen-buffering supplement for dairy cows, why don’t we include it in beef feedlot rations in an effort to reduce the incidence of acidosis?

Dr. Fluharty’s response: Continue reading