Running on Empty? Lack of Energy in the Diet Will Cause Cattle Deaths

– Michelle Arnold, DVM, Ruminant Extension Veterinarian, UKVDL

From a weather standpoint, the winter of 2016-17 has been a non-event. Record temperatures recorded in February and very little measureable snow throughout winter has been a welcome change from previous years. Despite this unexpected warmth, submissions at the UKVDL and telephone conversations with veterinarians and producers confirm many cattle are losing excessive body condition and some are dying of apparent malnutrition. This indicates winter feeding programs on many farms this year are not Continue reading

Effects of Soy Hulls in Finishing Diets with DDGs on Performance and Carcass

– J. Bittner, B. L. Nuttelman, C. J. Schneider, D. B. Burken, L. J. Johnson, L. Mader, T. J. Klopfenstein, and G. E. Erickson, published in The Professional Animal Scientist 32 (2016):777–783 and condensed by Steve Boyles, OSU Beef Extension Specialist

The soybean hull represents 8% of the total weight of a soybean’s dry matter.  As an alternative energy source to cereal grains in forage diets, soybean hulls have been shown to have an energy value similar to corn. Animal performance between soybean hulls and cracked corn can be similar when Continue reading

Starting Calves on Amaferm Improves Performance in Transitioning Feedlot Diets

Alejandro Relling, Ph.D., Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University (this article first appeared 12/14/16 in Ohio Farmer on-line, and will appear in the February 2017 issue of The Ohio Farmer magazine)

Weaning is a normal process in beef production, where the newly weaned calf is denied both its dam’s milk and social contact with her and other adults (Stookey et al., 1997).  Newly weaned calves are subjected to a numerous nutritional, behavioral, and immunological stressors immediately prior to and during the weaning, marketing, and transportation process, as well as upon arrival at the feedlot or backgrounding facility.  The result is a period of prolonged Continue reading

Don’t Wait To Supplement

– Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler, Associate Extension Professor, Beef Extension Specialist, University of Kentucky

The impacts of the fall drought conditions can be seen in some of our cow herds across the state.  Cows are lower in body condition as a result of the grass shortage.  Fall vegetative fescue grass will often be in the low 60’s on TDN and mid-teens for crude protein, much higher in quality than our average hay.  The lack of this fall forage growth will necessitate Continue reading

Silage Pile Feeding Management and Safety

Rory Lewandowski, OSU Extension Educator, Wayne County

It is easy to see the importance silage plays in ruminant livestock rations by observing the number of bunker silos and silage piles that are on area farms.  Feeding out that stored silage requires management.  Silage management can be discussed from two perspectives, one being how to manage the removal of Continue reading

Grazing Corn Residue

Rory Lewandowski, Extension Educator Wayne County

A lot of acres of corn have been harvested in our area. The residue that remains after corn grain harvest includes husks, leaves, stalks, and some corn grain.  That residue represents a potential feed source for ruminant livestock that can be utilized to decrease stored feed costs and /or to stretch stockpiled forage.  Livestock in mid-gestation can do well on corn residue without additional supplementation provided they are not forced to Continue reading

Five Tips to Prevent Acidosis and Its Costs

– Justin O’Flaherty, Rock River Laboratory nutrition analytic consultant

We’ve all seen it: that one steer standing in the dry lot looking miserable, staring into nothingness with its head down like his favorite football team just lost a national championship. A football disappointment would be a less costly diagnosis, but this case is likely acidosis.

Acidosis is the most commonly seen nutritional disorder on cattle operations. However, it can be prevented fairly easily with Continue reading

Corn Ear Rots

Rory Lewandowski, OSU Extension Educator, Wayne County

As corn harvest continues across our area, I have received a few questions about corn ear rots and mycotoxins.  Across the state, particularly from the central part and west there have been lots of reports of diplodia ear rot.  In recent weeks, Pierce Paul, OSU Extension Corn and Wheat Extension Pathologist has received corn samples with Trichoderma, Fusarium and Continue reading

Corn Silage Crop in Ohio, 2016

Maurice Eastridge and Bill Weiss, Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University

The weather conditions have been variable in Ohio this summer. Some areas have been extremely dry and other areas have been very wet during the past two to three months.  Thus, corn silage yields will likely be quite variable across Ohio this year. For those areas that have been very dry, yields will be adversely affected, but generally the concentrations of protein and energy will be better than average. Therefore, many dairy as well as beef farmers in Ohio may need to purchase additional corn for silage or identify other ingredients to replace corn silage in the diet. Now is the time to make such decisions while some Continue reading