Ohio Will Soon Permit Certain Agricultural Utility Vehicles to Travel on Public Roads

– Chris Hogan, Law Fellow, OSU Agricultural & Resource Law Program

A new Ohio law affects farmers that plan to use certain utility vehicles this planting season, including Gators, Mules and other utility vehicles with a bed designed to transport cargo. The new law is part of the 2018-2019 transportation budget, formally known as House Bill 26. HB 26, which goes into effect on June 30, 2017, permits vehicles to travel on any public road or right of way—other than a freeway, when travelling from Continue reading

The Pulling of the Bulls

John F. Grimes, OSU Extension Beef Coordinator

Some of you are probably familiar with the phrase “The Running of the Bulls.”  This phrase has Spanish roots and has its origins from the need to transport cattle from fields in the country to the closest markets for sale.  Over the years, producers tried to speed the process by hurrying and exciting the cattle to market and it actually became a competition.

This process eventually moved to the bullfighting arena.  Bulls needed to be moved from fields outside the city to the local arena for bull fights.  During these runs, youngsters would run amongst the bulls to show their bravery.  These runs are still traditionally held in Spain, Portugal, Mexico and France with the most famous event held in Pamplona, Spain.

Today, modern beef producers are certainly encouraged to use husbandry practices that are safer for humans and animals alike.  However, I am Continue reading

Making Observations Count

– Justin Sexten, Ph.D, Director, Supply Development, Certified Angus Beef

This time of year, you probably spend more time observing than working cattle. Calving is complete and bulls have been turned out with the spring herd. Fall calves are weaned and grass cattle are moving through pastures.

As the temperature rises, so does water intake for cattle. Their grazing activity moves to early morning and late evening, which presents the best opportunities to check the herd because “shaded up” cattle can be hard to find. We check cattle to watch for estrus and bull activity, monitor flies and look out for early symptoms of pinkeye or foot rot.

In my youth, a disproportionate amount of time in the summer was spent Continue reading

Wean Early and Save 25 Percent of Pasture Forage

– Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service

Did you know you can save more than 25 percent of available forage by weaning calves early?

The current dryness affecting the land has caused all livestock producers to review options. For some in a drought situation, the only real solution is rain. But producers need to take charge, whether the season is dry or wet.

The Dickinson Research Extension Center has and will continue to manage during dry times. The center is in a semiarid climate and dryness is not a stranger.

Managing grazing time and stocking rate is critical. As a result, the center has measured available biomass on the range when cows have their calves removed in mid-August versus early November.

The thought is that removing calves would lessen the impact on the production unit during times when rain is scarce. First, no drought plan works if there is no grazing plan to start with.

To begin, a Continue reading

How Early is Too Early to Wean?

– Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service

Can I wean 90-day-old calves that weigh 300 pounds?

The answer is yes. Dry weather has made this – and variations – the question of the day.

In an ideal world, mother and calf should enjoy green pastures from birth until weaning at about 7 months of age. The typical weaning age is 192 days for producers in the Cow Herd Appraisal Performance System (CHAPS) program. However, some calves are weighed along with the administration of preweaning vaccinations prior to the actual weaning day, so the average age at weaning could be a few days older.

The CHAPS profile shows steers weigh 566 pounds, heifers 535 pounds and Continue reading

Hay and Straw Barn Fires a Real Danger

Jason Hartschuh, Mark Sulc, Sarah Noggle and David Dugan, Ohio State University Extension

We’ve heard of one barn fire here in Ohio this morning and a lot of hay was put up last Thursday ahead of the rain. Much of the hay was wetter than it should have been for safe dry hay storage. Watch those moist bales very carefully for the next two to three weeks! Use a hay temperature probe and monitor the internal temperature of the hay during these first three weeks after baling.

Usually, we think of water and moisture as a way to put a fire out, but the opposite is true with hay and straw, which when too wet can heat and spontaneously combust. This is more common with hay than straw because there is more plant cell respiration in hay. When baled at moistures over 20% mesophilic bacteria release heat causing temperatures to rise between Continue reading

Sidedressing Corn With Manure, an Update

You may recall that in December in this publication we shared a brief summary of the results that OSU Extension Manure Nutrient Management Field Specialist Glen Arnold has experienced while utilizing liquid beef manure as a nitrogen source while sidedressing emerged corn. This week below, Ty Higgins of the Ohio AgNet visits with Arnold and also OSU County Extension Educator Sam Custer and gets an update on the work they are doing this summer as they utilize manure as a primary source of nitrogen sidedress for corn in Darke County Ohio.

Application of Manure to Double Crop Soybeans

Glen Arnold, OSU Extension Manure Nutrient Management Field Specialist

Wheat fields will be harvested in Ohio over the next 10 days and many farmers will plant double-crop soybeans. In recent years there has been more interest from livestock producers in applying manure to newly planted soybeans to provide moisture to help get the crop emerged.

Both swine and cattle manure can be used to add moisture to newly planted soybeans. It’s important that the soybeans were properly covered with soil when planted to keep a barrier between the salt and nitrogen in the manure and the germinating soybean seed. It’s also important that Continue reading

Safety Considerations for Hay Baling Season

Kent McGuire – OSU Ag Safety and Health Coordinator

As we progress into summer, hay baling moves to the forefront of things to be done on the farm. Hay baling season can come with its own set of hazards that can cause injuries. These include equipment hazards, working in hot temperatures, lifting injuries, and even the stress of getting hay down, dried and baled in a narrow window to beat the weather. Some guidelines to use to prevent injuries this hay baling season include:

• Review the Continue reading

Plan to Have it Made in the Shade

– Justin Sexten, Ph.D, Director, Supply Development, Certified Angus Beef

It’s been an interesting year for climate, as we could tell halfway through the spring. A parade of wind storms, fires, blizzards and floods moved swiftly by, leaving every cattle farm and ranch to cope with those and the peculiarities of an early or late spring, with too little or too much moisture. Still, cattle are one of the most adaptable food-animal species, proven by their thriving herds in operations across North America in heat, humidity, cold, wet and everything in between. Seasonal stocking rates for a cow-calf pair vary from less than 2 acres to more than 80. Feed and forage options are just as variable, depending on the ranch environment and local resources. Despite these differences, cattle remain the best option to convert solar energy into the most flavorful protein.

That flavor advantage is what keeps beef “king” for millions of consumers, the driving force in beef demand, food trends and taste preferences. As we’ve said before, consumer wants and needs make up the one constant that unites all ranch environments. And since the current market still reflects their preference for high-quality beef, let’s look at some opportunities to produce more of the best by addressing the next seasonal challenge.

Summer means there will be Continue reading